Types of skin disorders

Common Skin Disorders Affecting People

Skin is the largest organ of your body that does the job of protecting the rest of your body from elements like sunlight, bacteria, microscopic bugs, fungi, etc. It’s not surprising that skin problems are usually visible.

Your skin is prone to health problems as with any other part of your body. Fortunately, the skin has a built-in alarm system to warn you when there’s a problem visually. For example, you will instantly note an itchy bug bite or swelling hives. Dry or flaky skin can also be a hint of an issue.

 

Human skin is prone to many disorders, and the most common ones are:

1. Acne

Acne looks like whiteheads, cysts, blackheads, and zits, and they usually occur on the face and body parts like back, arms, chest, butt and shoulders. It is the cause of bacteria building up of dead skin as a result of insufficient exfoliation and hormones. There are many over-the-counter products available for treating acne. However, if the skin condition is severe, it needs to be treated by a dermatologist. A professional may suggest the use of topical creams, gels, and lotions depending on your skin type. These products will usually contain antimicrobial or retinoid ingredients like Adapalene, Retin-A, tretinoin, etc. For treating painful cystic acne or acne that has been for long, the dermatologist may recommend some oral antibiotics and medications as well. Acne can be treated with some in-office treatments like laser, microdermabrasion, and chemical peels too.

2. Eczema or dermatitis

Eczema causes the skin to be dry, itchy, and red. It usually occurs in the crooks of your arms, back of your knees and hands and feet. There are many causes of eczema, including family genetics, allergic reaction to fragrances, poison ivy, or nickel, chronic use of harsh agents such as hair dye or soap. Eczema can be treated with non-steroidal creams and topical steroids prescribed by dermatologists. Steroids work to cure a flare-up, while non-steroidal creams work as daily preventives.

3. Psoriasis

Psoriasis is another common skin issue affecting many people. It leads to scaly, white flaky skin or extreme dryness. People having psoriasis might also suffer from other problems like joint pain, excessive weight, autoimmune disorders, or heart disease. Psoriasis usually affects areas like knees, elbows, and butt. If the problem is severe, it can occur all over the body. Psoriasis, if not treated on time, can spread to the other parts of your body. Hence, it is recommended to see a doctor, the moment you notice something. Your doctor is in a better position to acquire a baseline for your condition, monitor other issues that associate with psoriasis, and minimise the flare-ups and symptoms. Professionals usually prescribe topical medications like steroids, tar, maintenance vitamin D (Dovonex),  foundational emollients, etc. to treat the problem. If the affected area is too large to be treated with topical medications, your doctor may suggest Otezla prophylaxis. Also, there may be a need for antibody injections every three months for a dose of extra proteins. Some patients may require in-office light therapy with UVB light to curb inflammation.

4. Rosacea

This is a non-contagious skin inflammation problem affecting the face. It makes your face appear red and is caused due to Basel model fluctuation in your facial blood vessels or Demodex, a microscopic mite living on your skin’s surface. A dermatologist may suggest topical solutions like Ivermectin to kill the Demodex and help the skin get back to normal. In case of severe rosacea, the doctor may recommend oxymetazoline to control Basel motors.

5. Warts

Warts are small, fleshy bumps on the skin that are a result of human papillomavirus. They either occur in a cluster of rough bumps or as a single raised and textured nub. Warts can occur anywhere on your body, including your genitals. Warts can be caused due to viruses contracted from skin-to-skin contact. To prevent spreading the virus, it is recommended to see a doctor as soon as you notice something. Genital warts can lead to cervical cancer and can be passed from one partner to another. They have to be biopsied to analyse if they’re HPV1 or HPV2, a dangerous virus that can result in cancer. Dermatologists suggest topical creams and solutions like Aldara or salicylic acid to remove the wart. If the wart does not respond to topical creams, the dermatologist may recommend in-office removal treatments like freezing, cutting, or lasering. In severe cases, there may be the need for an injection of a chemo agent known as bleomycin. Warts can also be cured with Immuno smart bomb targeting with yeast that might be injected into the wart. As your body by natural means can fight yeast, it could also kill the wart that has been injected along with it.

If at any point you notice a weird change in your skin, it is best to call your dermatologist. Though most of these skin issues are common and aren’t life-threatening, it is still better to seek treatment at the earliest.

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