When Do You Require An Oral Surgery?
Surgical procedures that are performed in the mouth or around the jaws are known as oral surgeries. They are usually done by dental specialists who are trained to perform various types of surgeries. Oral surgery may be required for several conditions like:
1. Impacted Teeth
Many a time, wisdom teeth do not have sufficient space between the gum line and the jaw to emerge correctly. Also, at times, they fail to appear in proper alignment or to fully emerge through the gum line, thus becoming entrapped or “impacted” in between the jawbone and the gum tissue. Impacted wisdom teeth may result in inflammation, discomfort, and infection of the neighbouring gum tissue. Additionally, impacted wisdom teeth may cause long-lasting damage to surrounding teeth, gums, and bone and result in the formation of cysts or tumours that can harm certain parts of the jaw. Hence, dentists recommend people with impacted wisdom teeth to have them removed surgically.
2. Embed Asset Override
Just like how the wisdom teeth may get impacted sometimes, other teeth like the cuspids and the bicuspids may also become affected. This can lead to similar problems described with impacted wisdom teeth, and hence it is essential to remove even these teeth with the help of a surgery.
3. Tooth Loss
Accidents or infections can lead to tooth loss, and this calls for the need for dental implants. Implants are tooth root substitutes that are anchored in the jawbone via a surgical procedure. Artificial teeth are then attached to these roots. The right candidates for dental implants require to have a sufficient bone level and density and should not be prone to infection, and must be inclined towards maintaining good oral hygiene practices.
4. Jaw-Related Problems
a. Unequal jaw growth – This problem occurs when the upper and lower jaw of a person fails to grow correctly, making it difficult for the person to talk, chew, swallow, and breathe easily. Though there are specific jaw problems like improper teeth alignment that can be easily rectified with orthodontic appliances like braces, the more complicated ones need oral surgeries to move all or some parts of the jaw.
b. Ill-fitting dentures – For those who are going to wear dentures for the first time, it’s vital to get oral surgery done to fix the issues with their jaws. This will help create dentures that will offer a better fit.
c. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders – TMJ is the joint that attaches your jaw to your skull. Any damage or injury to this joint can cause a localized pain disorder known as TMJ. Minor TMJ disorders can be treated with oral medications and physical therapies. However, for more severe cases, oral surgery is required.
5. Face Injury Repair
Accidental falls can lead to severe problems like fractured jaws or broken facial bones. If such issues arise, there’s a need for oral surgeries.
6. Removal of Lesion
If there’s an abnormal growth in the mouth or a lesion, efforts are first to be made to cure with medications. However, if the problem doesn’t subside, the lesion will require surgery to be removed completely.
7. Cleft Lip and Palate Repair
Cleft lip and cleft palate are openings in the upper lip or mouth’s roof or both. This problem usually arises in unborn babies whose facial structures aren’t developed properly. Cleft lip and palate repair are possible through surgical procedures and other treatments that can be carried out by oral surgeons and healthcare specialists.
Infection in the face, neck or jaw may lead to swelling. If ignored for long, these problems can lead to life-threatening emergencies. By consulting an oral surgeon, it is possible to diagnose and treat the issue. At times, the infected area may be required to cut and drained through oral surgeries. If there’s any tooth infected as well, it will have to be extracted too through a surgery.
9. Sleep Apnea
The problem of sleep apnea can be treated with positive pressure air machines and dental splint appliances. However, if these non-surgical methods don’t work, there may be a need for oral surgery. Surgeries to remove the soft tissues of the oropharynx can help treat sleep apnea issues.
If you suffer from any of the above-mentioned problems, you are likelyto be suggested an oral surgery by your dentist. Though some of the problems mentioned can be treated with oral medications and therapies, the severity of theissue may call for the need of a surgery. It’s recommended to always have a surgery done from an experienced and certified oral surgeon to avoid further complications.