Types of false teeth: know your options

Types of false teeth: know your options

Dentures are also known as false teeth, full dentures or partial dentures. Dentures act as a prosthesis or replacement for missing teeth. Made of acrylic, metal or nylon, dentures can be used instead of one or several teeth. They fit snugly over the gums and do the work on normal teeth. Properly fitting dentures have various benefits. They help in improving speech, eating capabilities and boost self-confidence. Dentures or false teeth also helps in preventing the face from sagging overtime and might offer protection to the remaining teeth.

The various types of false teeth include partial dentures or full dentures. All of these need to be fit accordingly so that they can match well with an individual’s size, shape and colour of original teeth. The fitting is completed by a specialist called a prosthodontist or by a general dentist who has good knowledge about fixing dentures.

  • Partial Dentures: They can be used if a patient still has some healthy teeth available. These types of dentures are clipped around the remaining healthy teeth. The clips can be visible when a person speaks. However, the good news is that it can be made using tooth-coloured material.
  • Full Dentures: These dentures can be used if all of your teeth are lost! It might be a result of injury, an infection, periodontal disease or due to other conditions. The artificial teeth get attached to the plate that sits against the gums in the mouth. The plates and gum fittings can be made of metal or acrylic that matches well with the colour of your gums. These are not typically visible to others. False teeth adhesive can be used to help keep the dentures in place.
  • Removable Dentures: These are traditional dentures and come with an added benefit of being easier to clean. However, they can easily slip out of place. Hence, most dentists advise their patients to avoid consuming sticky, hard or chewy foods. Though false teeth adhesive can keep them in place, the adhesives are quite difficult to use. These dentures last for about five years before the need for replacement arises. Partial and complete dentures fall in almost the same price category. If you are spending more, try to get more comfortable and better-looking dentures. Price variations depend on the materials being used, the number of teeth required and if dentures for the lower row or upper row or both are required.
  • Flexible Dentures: These dentures are a popular alternative to traditional types of dentures. They can be more flexible and are made from extremely durable materials that can be more comfortable to wear. The translucent resin can match the gum colour and they do not require any visible clips like the ones Partial Dentures require. Flexible dentures are lightweight and can feel less bulky inside the mouth. These dentures can easily last for around five to eight years. But they are more expensive in comparison to the other methods and can only be useful for partial dentures.

There are certain signs that indicate the false teeth need to be adjusted, repaired or re-fit. It might include changing the fit overtime as it might slip and fall off more often which can be normal but would require re-fitting. Certain chips or cracks may also develop in the false teeth. There could also be some difficulty experienced in chewing after the adjustment period and this may last for about a week.

It’s always a good idea to consult your dentist before you take a final decision regarding false teeth, full or partial dentures. Your dentist can help you obtain the dentures that would be best suited for you.

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